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toborman
Hooked Member



USA
289 Posts

Posted - Aug 17 2015 :  03:46:17  Show Profile  Visit toborman's Homepage  Reply with Quote
how to recognize and interpret statements with positive, comparative, and superlative forms
"X is *er than Y." and "* has range */*." interprets to "Xs.%1.is greater than.Ys.%1."
"X has range A/B." interprets to "characteristic X has relative value range A/B."
"X has range n1 to n2 units." interprets to "characteristic X has absolute value range n1 to n2 units." (units like hours, miles, etc.)

how to relate positive, comparative, and superlative objects
Command “relate object (X) to object (Y).”
inferences:
if Xs %1 is greater than Ys %1 or Xs %1 is less than Ys %1 or Xs %1 is equal to Ys %1 then X is %1 and Y is %1.

For example:
inference rules for comparisons of individuals
if x is old then x is not young
if x is young then x is not old
if x is older than y then y is younger than x
if x is the first member of the ordered set young/old then x is the youngest
if x is the last member of the ordered set young/old then x is the oldest
if x is older then y and y is older than z then x is older than z
if x is old, older or oldest then x is a member of the ordered set young/old
comparisons of classes
if x’s are old then x’s are not young

http://mindmap.iwarp.com
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toborman
Hooked Member



USA
289 Posts

Posted - Aug 17 2015 :  03:54:48  Show Profile  Visit toborman's Homepage  Reply with Quote
how to format positive, comparative, and superlative forms of graded adjectives in english

Using one-syllable positive form, add –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative.

If the one-syllable positive form ends with an e, just add –r for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form. (change eer to er and eest to est)

If the one-syllable positive form ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form; and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.

With most two-syllable positive forms, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.

If the two-syllable positive form ends with –y, change the y to i and add –er for the comparative form. For the superlative form change the y to i and add –est.

Two-syllable positive forms ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er and –est to form the comparative and superlative forms.

For positive forms with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.

Irregular positive forms.

Irregular positive form-Comparative Form-Superlative Form
good better best
bad worse worst
far farther farthest
little less least
many more most

Two-syllable positive forms that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most.

Two-Syllable positive form-Comparative Form-Superlative Form
clever cleverer cleverest
clever more clever most clever

gentle gentler gentlest
gentle more gentle most gentle

friendly friendlier friendliest
friendly more friendly most friendly

quiet quieter quietest
quiet more quiet most quiet

simple simpler simplest
simple more simple most simple

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toborman
Hooked Member



USA
289 Posts

Posted - Aug 17 2015 :  03:57:37  Show Profile  Visit toborman's Homepage
Tests
Learning value ranges by direct input.

Test ID n: Coverage: Positive, opposite, range, question, remember
T: a person has height.
R: I understand.
T: [characteristic] height has [relative value] range short/tall.
R: I understand.
T: Mary is a person.
R: I understand. Is Mary short or tall?
T: Mary is tall.
R: I understand.

Learning value ranges by inference.

Test ID n: Coverage: Positive, opposite, range, question
G: height has range short/tall.
T: Mary is tall.
R: I understand.
T: Is Mary short?
R: No, Mary is not short. Mary is tall.

Using value ranges in positive, comparative, superlative statements.

Test ID n: Coverage: Positive, opposite, range, question, dilemma
G: height has range short/tall.
T: Max is short.
R: I understand.
T: Is Max tall or short?
R: Max is short.

Test ID n: Coverage: Positive, opposite, range, question, proportional
G: height has range short/tall.
T: Max is very short.
R: I understand.
T: Is Max is short?
R: Yes, Max is short.
T: How short is Max?
R: Max is very short.

Test ID n: Coverage: Comparative, opposite, range, question, negative
G: height has range short/tall.
T: Mary is taller than Max.
R: I understand.
T: Is Mary taller than Max.
R: Yes, Mary is taller than Max.
T: Is Max taller than Mary?
R: No, Max is shorter than Mary.

Test ID n: Coverage: Comparative, range, unknown, possessive
G: height has range short/tall.
T: Mary's mother is taller than Max.
R: I understand.
T: Describe Mary's mother.
R: Mary's mother is taller than Max.
T: Is Mary's mother taller than Joe?
R: I don't know.

Test ID n: Coverage: Superlative, range, opposite, chain, who, oset
G: height has range short/tall.
T: Mary is taller than Max.
R: I understand.
T: Max is taller than Joe.
R: I understand.
T: Is Mary taller than Joe.
R: Yes, Mary is taller than Joe.
T: Who is the shortest?
R: Joe is the shortest [of Mary, Max and Joe].

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